Machu Picchu is so famous for a number of reasons that combine to make it a truly iconic tourist destination. Here are some of the main reasons why Machu Picchu arouses so much admiration and interest around the world:
Natural beauty and breathtaking scenery:
- Machu Picchu is located in a breathtaking setting, surrounded by majestic mountains and the lush vegetation of the Amazon jungle. The combination of Inca architecture amidst this scenic landscape creates a unique and captivating atmosphere.
Mystery and history:
- Machu Picchu is one of the greatest architectural and engineering achievements of the Incas. This mysterious Inca city, built in the 15th century and hidden high in the mountains, remained hidden for centuries and was not revealed to the Western world until 1911. Its exact origin and purpose remain an enigma, adding to its fascination.
UNESCO World Heritage Site:
- Machu Picchu was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, recognizing its historical, cultural and archaeological importance. This recognition has contributed to its fame and has attracted even more visitors interested in exploring its cultural richness and conservation.
Impressive engineering and architecture:
- The advanced engineering and architectural skills of the Incas are evident at Machu Picchu. Stone constructions, agricultural terraces, aqueducts and drainage systems are testimony to the ingenuity and knowledge of the ancient Incas.
Accessibility and tourist infrastructure:
- Despite being located in a remote area of the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu is accessible via hiking trails, such as the famous Inca Trail, as well as by train and bus. In addition, the region has a well-developed tourism infrastructure, with hotels, restaurants and travel agencies facilitating visits to the site.
Energy and spirituality:
- Many visitors claim to feel a special energy at MachuPicchu. The combination of the mystical atmosphere, inspiring landscapes and knowledge of Inca history and rituals contributes to a sense of spirituality and connection to the past.
Unique geographical location:
- Machu Picchu is located at an altitude of about 2,400 meters. It provides spectacular panoramic views of the mountains and the Sacred Valley of the Incas. This unique geographical location creates a magical atmosphere and makes MachuPicchu a must-see destination for lovers of nature and historical wonders.
These factors combine to make Machu Picchu such a famous and attractive place for travelers from all over the world. Its beauty, history, mystery and cultural significance have made it a unique treasure that continues to enchant and inspire people of all ages.
Forms of government protection
Machu Picchu is an archaeological and historical treasure of worldwide importance. The protection and preservation of this site are priorities for the Peruvian and local governments. To ensure the conservation of MachuPicchu, several measures are being taken, some of which are listed below:
Management and regulation:
- The Peruvian government, through the Ministry of Culture and other relevant institutions. It is responsible for the management and regulation of Machu Picchu. Guidelines and policies are established to ensure adequate protection of the ruins and the surrounding natural environment.
Restriction of visitors:
- One of the main ways to protect Machu Picchu is to limit the number of daily visitors. They control the number of available tickets and require advance reservations to prevent overcrowding. This restriction aims to minimize human impact on the site and preserve its integrity.
Trails, such as the Inca Trail, to Machu Picchu are regulated to protect the environment and prevent damage. There are specific rules for hikers and guides. These include the use of designated trails, respect for flora and fauna, and the prohibition of camping in unauthorized areas.
Maintenance and conservation:
- They continuously make efforts to maintain and conserve the structures and environment of Machu Picchu. Conservation teams maintain and repair ruins to preserve them from weather damage and visitors.
Education and awareness:
- They conduct educational programs to raise visitor awareness about the importance of preserving MachuPicchu. Information is provided on rules and regulations, emphasizing the need to respect the site and its history.
Monitoring and research:
- Researchers regularly conduct studies and research to gain a better understanding of Machu Picchu’s history and environment. This helps to make informed conservation decisions and adapt protection strategies as needed.
- The Peruvian government cooperates with international organizations, such as UNESCO, to ensure the conservation of Machu Picchu. In addition, it shares best conservation practices.
The goal of these combined measures is to ensure the protection of MachuPicchu. It also seeks its accessibility for future generations. Sustainability and conservation are fundamental. They must preserve its uniqueness, inspire all and maintain its historical authenticity are essential for this special site.